LONDON is a major innovation centre and for a number of years Tech City (aka Silicon Roundabout) has been the dominant London Tech Cluster. With rising prices and increased competition for office space in Shoreditch, tech and media start-ups are being attracted south. Croydon in South London is rolling our superfast broadband and offering tax incentives to tech entrepreneurs. Tech City Croydon is now the fastest growing Tech Cluster in London.
Tech Cluster Competitors: Tech City and Tech City Croydon
According to the Office of National Statistics Business Register and Employment survey of 2012, 185 Tech and Media businesses employing some 1385 staff have been established in Croydon city centre. Croydon was in the news for all the wrong reasons during the London riots in the summer of 2011. As a result of the unrest it was reported that major employers might leave the area. Croydon Council is investing billions in the redevelopment of the city centre and this is paying dividends.
Councillor Vidhi Mohan a Cabinet Member of the Communities and Economic Development at Croydon Council, said: “The growth of the TMT sector in Croydon has been spurred on by the council’s £3.5 billion investment in the city centre, including 28 new parks and public spaces and major improvements in and around East & West Croydon stations.”
In its 2011-13 report on “UK Business: Activity, Size and Location”, the Office of National Statistics highlighted an overall growth rate of 23% in Croydon compared with 17.1% across London and a UK average of 11.3%. A further £1.5bn investment by Hammerson and Westfield under the Croydon Partnership is planned.
Tech Cluster Incentives
The Croydon Tech Cluster could further Croydon’s economic revival and bring substantial innovation and high-tech, high-value jobs to the area.
Croydon is offering a 100% business rate discount scheme, the eligibility criteria of which are:
Your business must:
- Take premises with a rateable value of £12,500 or more;
- Have less than 250 employees and £40m turnover;
- Have been trading for a minimum of one year;
- Take out a minimum one year lease;
- Have not already received public financial assistance, or, if it has, then it must have been less than €200,000 or £130,000 within the last three years (the State Aid ‘de minimis’ threshold);
- Have a minimum occupancy rate of one staff member per 12 sq metres (however, this could be less in exceptional circumstances).
Jonny Rose, founder of Croydon Tech City, said: “Initiatives like Free For A Year are a boon to our vibrant tech cluster in Croydon Tech City. It’s an incredible opportunity for early-stage tech start-ups who are finding themselves priced out of East London to get accessible and accommodating office space without having to worry about cost.”
The Shoreditch Tech Cluster in East London is unlikely to experience immediate pressure from Tech City Croydon. Shoreditch enjoys funding from central government and benefits from an established ‘tech city chic’. It also boasts significant surrounding infrastructure and the presence of academia, large corporations and London’s financial centre.
Affordable office space in London is a major issue and cheaper pricing in Croydon will be a major decision point for new start-ups. Central Government, London boroughs and Smart City planners must grapple with real-estate prices if urban tech clusters are to be sustainable. Tech clusters may become ‘nomadic’, popping up in under-developed urban centres, helping to drive economic growth and moving on when office space becomes cost prohibitive. This might appear fickle, but it has helped move Shoreditch up the social-economic ladder, and it looks likely to do the same in Croydon.
Smart Boroughs in London should be courting tech companies and providing more incentives for entrepreneurs. Tech City in East London has had the lion’s share of central government funding, but there is a strong argument for greater ‘localisation and democratisation’ of funding and support.
Books about Tech Clusters and Smart Cities
- Riot City: Protest and Rebellion in the Capital
- Handbook of Research on Innovation and Clusters: Cases and Policies (Handbooks of Research on Clusters Series)
- Tech and the City: The Making of New York’s Startup Community
- Smart Cities: Big Data, Civic Hackers, and the Quest for a New Utopia
- Beyond Smart Cities: How Cities Network, Learn and Innovate